Proposal For Zero Impact Bee Keeping In PNG

Writer of the proposal:  Pang, Yiu Kai

15th., Jan., 2017.


What is Zero Impact Farming:

It・s the farming without farmland, without touching Nature and impacting it・s function in any way, not to say it・s without regular watering(occasional acceptable), weed killing, fertilization and pest control. If the site is originally a piece of farmland, it・s turning the farmland back to natural forest and can still have food yield at the same time.


Zero Impact Farming and the writer of this proposal, Pang, Yiu Kai:

Pang Yiu Kai is the original inventor and developer of this farming method. The first successfully developed zero impact farming item is stationary and mobile bee keeping. The honey so produced has been displayed on the shelves of brandname health food stores in Hong Kong for years. The flagship among these brandname stores, Weherb, has been selling Pang・s honey voluntarily for years for the purpose of environmental protection. The annual sale of Pang's Ecoop Farm has been from 5000 - 8000 bottles.


PNG Farming Method Strategy

Upon reviewing agricultural history since industrial era, we conclude only win win win practice is desirable, i.e., local ecology, locel economy, consumers・ health and investor・s profit.


Zero Impact Bee Keeping only use local bee, induce them to live voluntarily in Pang・s natural wooden beehive, they can leave anytime should the bees find the man made home not comfortable or not safe enough. Bee keepers keeps up surplus honey for the bees to be used when needed and will not serve the bees with sugar. Such practice leaves no impact on the local ecology, it can even have wild honeybee population restoration effect when applied to ecologically deteriorated regions.


PNG is one of the remaining ecological stronghold in the world which is also relatively less easily be affected by global warming and air pollution. Maintaining PNG・s natural environment is strategically important and if local people can make their livelihood out of conserving or even heightening this hugh island・s ecological value, which can certainly contribute to the end of conserving the global environment. Zero Impact Farming, especially Zero Impact Bee Keeping can exactly play this role perfectly.


Advantages And Disadvantages Of Employing Local Bees In Zero Impact Bee Keeping:

Native PNG bees is a kind of European bee, and the most common bee keepers・ is Italian bee, also a sub-species of European bee, and this sub- species has been bought to PNG to collect honey some decades ago, so we can say Italian bees have been partially nationalized,and this nationalization in principle would not pose threat to local European bees as they are of the same species. Anyhow, we should still stick to local bees as much as possible unless for any reason the local bee has been found to be unproductive, only then should we consider keeping Italian bees instead.


Although the yield of employing local bee is lower than the mainstream practice of Italian bees, local bee is better adapted to the local environment, they are less easily affected by the infectious diseases, parasites, etc., so the lower yield of local bee does not render zero impact bee keeping less market competitive.


More importantly, environmental crises has become more and more threatening to human survival, so that governments as well as the average people are placing more and more attention and interest to enviro-protective measures and goods. The prestigious health food store, Weherb・s selling Pang・s zero impact honey voluntarily is a classic example. This growing trend alone can already create a large edge for zero impact honey in the competitive honey market in future, such as buying local food as much as possible to lower the environmental cost of transportation, this idea will certainly gain more ground in future, and makes PNG honey additionally more market competitive in the PNG market in future. .


Important Points For Bee Keeping To Achieve Zero Impact:

1.       Keep local bees(in PNG Italian bee can be taken as the last resort should we find local bees are unproductive as Italian bee    

         and local bee both belong to the same species of apis mellifera)

2.       For fixed location bee keeping in PNG, each location cannot keep more than 200 boxes. When a bee farm wants to keep  

         more than 200 boxes, they can keep 200 boxes in the main farm, another 200 boxes are placed inside satellite bee farm at a  

         distance of 3-6 km away or even fartherand so on.

3.       No wing cutting to any bees.

4.       No anti-biotics are allowedto be used.

5.       No sugar feeding is allowed.

6.       Living quarters of the bee farms must be pollution free, discharge no sewage to the wild, low impact building etc. So the

         farm must employ renewable energies, and have sewage purification pond.



Administrative Arrangements:

1)                  Interested parties and personnel altogether invest 1.2million PNG Kina to form up a zero impact farming company limited or a non profit organization with Pang as the managing and technical director and Vincent as a non full time attending administrative director and employ Pang・s bee keeping assistant as Pang・s assistant to carry out this plan. Alternately, Vincent's company can create a zero impact farming and bee keeping department with Pang as the department head and Vincent decide how the department should be placed in the company.


              Pang can develop a lot more other zero impact farm products on PNG island, such as zero impact banana and coconut, the group thus formed up can carry out some more others at the same time.


              The 1.2 million can be given out stagewisely, 400,000K right at the beginning,    another 400,000K one year later, and the  

               rest one more year later.


2)                  Pang is from Hong Kong, expects a basic salary of 7,000K(skilled worker・s pay there is 6,000K)and Pang・ assistant is from mainland China, expects a salary of 4,000K (skilled worker・s pay there is 2,500) a month .Apart from the basic salary, Pang can enjoy a bonus of 10 %, and Pang・s assistant enjoy a bonus of 5% from bee keeping profit of your company.Vincent expects a monthly salary of _____a month and can enjoy a bonus of ___% of the annual net profit.


3)                  The company provides Pang and his mainland Chinese assistant 3 meals and living quarters, complete medical coverage, 2 month annual leave with annual home returning air tickets.


4)                  A 6 month probationary period for Pang and Pang・s assistant to verify the 2 persons・ ability to carry out the plan.


5)                  When Pang

1. has trained up competent successors of both Pang and Pang・s assistant,     and

2. The zero impact honey can make profit, then Pang can retire from the  company or organization and can still receive  

     the 10% bonus of the annual profit.


6)                  Pang can only be replaced under any one of the following conditions:


A.       Pang has lost the ability to work.

B.       Pang himself request to resign and has already trained up competent successors.

C.       Lacking of fund to go on the venture after the said 1.2 million has all been spent.

D.       Total expenditure in the fifth year is still more than the total income (including the sales of the pakaged honey  

          commodity) of the same year.

E.      For any reason the venture is forced to terminate.


Credit of Originality

This is going to be among the world・s first large scale zero impact farming operations, the company can already enjoy the honour of being the first developer of a truly sustainable farming solution, so the credit of originality must be held by Pang as Pang is the original inventor and developer of this zero impact farming. All publicity or mass media interviews etc. related to zero impact farming must be presided over by Pang or responded by Pang. Pang definitely would not take this as a means to get wealth, pang only want people respect other people・s intellectual labour and would not mar the zero impact farming campaign initiated by Pang.


Development Procedures:

(The calculation of swarm development pace and income is based on inducing bees from the wilderness method alone. But if the venture can buy all of the bee swarms from other bee keepers, the pace can be far quicker and each year・s income can at least be 50% higher)


The first year:

Inducing local bees in the wild to live in the bee farm takes time, alternately the company can also buy beeswarms from keepers of local bee if there are people on the island who keep local bee.The latter method develop the swarm number far quicker and so this is the prefered method, but the proposal here suppose very few people on the island keep local bees and propose an inducing local bee from the wild method. That means if this proposed method is viable, the latter method will be more so, but the vice versa is not.


No matter which method, or 2 methods go hand in hand, bee swarm number development must be started earliest possible, as such development takes long time and the swarm number is the key to profit making. This explain why there is going to be a provisional bee farm set up as a bee swarm・s breeding ground right from the beginning.


The first month:

1)                  Locate initial provisional nursury bee farm. This site should be in the nearby mountainous region for ease of operation with enough biodiversity for the bees to get nectar all year round.

2)                  Recruit 2 trainee zero impact bee keepers and 2 helpers.One trainee should be university educated or equivalent in biological or environmental sciences, not a money seeker and has good physique as this one is to be promoted to vice department head, will be trained up to know the zero impact bee keeping principle and technique well and carry out the daily routine. Another trainee should be upper secondary educated or equivalent and has a good physique as this one will be trained mainly to master the technique and carry out the daily routine. The 2 helpers should be a nature lover, have a good physique and a faithful catholic personality(not necessarily to be a cathoric).


The second month:

1)                  Land renting or buying for the nursury farm, and site planning, landscaping. This site is for initial stage of bee swarm nursing before ideal site is located, so a 5 acre land, a makeshift house for 6 persons and small size barn is enough.

2)                  Putting bee inducing boxes in the surrounding places.

3)                  Commencing training of the bee keeping team.

4)                  Preparing bee keeping tools.





The third to the sixth month:

1)                  Building provisional farm house, barns, planting fruit trees, other self subsistent food crops. This provisional bee farm may or may not be for long term use. It all depends on later studies to decide on whether this is the ideal location for long term use. But we also should not wait for the study result first as we also need some time to understand more about the behaviour of the local bees.

2)                  The first boxes of beehives set up.

3)                  Collect honey from different flowering plants of different locations, compare their tastes and find out their therapeutic values.



Works To Be Finished By The End Of The First Year:

1)                  100 or more boxes of bee swarms.

2)                  Collect the honey of different seasons from the surrounding wilderness.

3)                  Bee farm established with self subsistent crops, cattle and poultry available to serve the bee keeping team.

4)                  Renewable energies available to serve the bee keeping team electricity for lighting, fans, electronic equipment and frige.

5)                  Sewage water purification pond has been built and running.

6)                  Go on with the work to collect honey sample from different flowering plants of different locations on the whole PNG island, compare their tastes and find out their therapeutic values.


Expenditures Of The First Year:

Pang・s salary:                                                                                                                                                                           84000

Pang・s assistant・s salary:                                                                                                                                                      48000

U grad trainee・s salary:                                                                                                                                                         12000

Sec grad trainee・s salary:                                                                                                                                                        7200

2 helpers・ salary:                                                                                                                                                                     14400

The honey teams・ meals:                                                                                                                                                     36000

The first month・s Site and necter searching operation:                                                                                               8000

Subsequent months・ site and honey searching operation:                                                                                      20000

Bee box, beehive piece base maker, honey harvest tools and equipment:                                                        15000

Mountain road to bee farm site flattening and 1cm gravel laying                                                                         20000

Provisional farmhouse building, tree planting, facilities making and landscaping.                                          50000

Total:                                                                                                         314,600+




Works To Be Finished By The End Of The Second Year:

1)                  Ideal bee farm site located.

2)                  Site planning and landscaping design finished.

3)                  Farmhouse and facilities building finished.

4)                  Tree planting for the farm finished.

5)                  A yearly yield of 6000 kg(+-30%) of honey.

6)                  300 boxes of bee swarms.

7)                  Go on looking for the best loved honey on PNG island and more ideal beefarm sites for future developments.


Expenditures Of The Second Year:

Pang・s salary:                                                                                                                                                                                84000

Pang・s assistant・s salary:                                                                                                                                                           48000

U grad trainee・s salary:                                                                                                                                                              12000

Sec grad trainee・s salary:                                                                                                                                                            7200

2 helpers・ salary:                                                                                                                                                                         14400

The honey teams・ meals:                                                                                                                                                         36000

Site and honey searching operationin the whole PNG:                                                                                                                                50000

200 Bee box, honey harvest tools:                                                                                                                                                 15000

Mountain road leading to bee farm site flattening and 1cm gravel laying   20000 Long term site farmhouse building, tree planting, facilities making and landscaping.                                                                                                                            150000

Total:                                                                                                                                       436,600+ Vincent・s annual salary




Income Of The Second Year:

6,000Kg honey                                                                                                                                                                            72,000

(Sales of the honey packaged into a honey commodity                                                                                            150,000 )



Works To Be Finished By The End Of The Third Year:

1Ideal low impact bee farm site building work finished with living quarters, barns,  

      landscaping, and tree planting.

2.  Another satellite auxilliary bee farm site a few km away located, rented or bought, and started running. This site need to  

      build only a makeshift house for putting  some tools, workers to take rest, and night time vigilance. Such auxilliary farm is

      needed as one location cannot be put more than 200 bee boxes.

3.  600 boxes of bee swarms.

4.  A yearly yield of 14 tons of honey.

5.  Go on looking for the best loved honey on PNG island and more ideal beefarm sites

      for future developments .

6.  Employ 2 more helpers and 2 more university and secondary educated trainees.


Expenditures Of The Third Year:

Pang・s salary:                                                                                                                                                                            84000

Pang・s assistant・s salary:                                                                                                                                                       48000

2 U grad trainee・s salary:                                                                                                                                                       24000

2 Sec grad trainee・s salary:                                                                                                                                                   14400

4 helpers・ salary:                                                                                                                                                                      28800

The honey teams・ meals:                                                                                                                                                      60000

          Site and honey searching operation in the whole PNG:                                                                                                               50000

          400 Bee box, honey harvest tools:                                                                                                                                    30000

 Mountain road leading to bee farm site flattening and 1cm gravel laying                                                                   20000

2 Satellite farm site farmhouse building, tree planting, facilities making and landscaping and 2 meter

 wide gravel mud path connecting the main farm.                                                                                                                 60000

Total:                                                                                                                          419,200 + Vincent・s annual salary        



Income Of The Third Year:

14,000Kg honey                                                                                                                                                             168,000

(21,000Kg if the bees can also be obtained from other PNG bee keepers)

(Sales of the honey packaged into a honey commodity,                                                                360,000 or 540,000 )



Works To Be Finished By The End Of The Fourth Year:

1.  1 main beefarm and 5 satellite beefarms, i.e., required to build 3 more satellite

      bee farms in the fourth year.

2.   1200 boxes of bee swarms.

3.    A yearly yield of 27 tons of honey.

4.    Go on looking for the best loved honey on PNG island and more ideal beefarm

        sites for future developments .

5.     Employ 2 more university and secondary educated trainees and 10 more workers.



Expenditures Of The Fourth Year:


Pang・s salary:                                                                                                                                                                             84000

Pang・s assistant・s salary:                                                                                                                                                        48000

3 U grad trainee・s salary:                                                                                                                                                        40000

3 Sec grad trainee・s salary:                                                                                                                                                    24000

14 helpers・ salary:                                                                                                                                                                  100800

The honey teams・ meals:                                                                                                                                                    132000

          Site and honey searching operation in the whole PNG:                                                                                             50000

          600 Bee box, honey harvest tools:                                                                                                                                     50000

          Mountain road leading to bee farm site flattening and 1cm gravel laying                                                          20000

          3 Satellite farm site farmhouse building, tree planting, facilities making and landscaping and 2

             meter wide gravel mud path connecting the main farm.                                                                                        90000

Total:                                                                                                                         638,800 + Vincent・s annual salary



Income Of The Fourth Year:

27,000Kg honey                                                                                                                                                                    324,000

(40,000Kg if the bees can also be obtained from other PNG bee keepers)


(Sales of the honey packaged into a honey commodity                                                                  660,000 or 990,000 )


Works To Be Finished By The End Of The Fifth Year:

The swarm number will at least be maintained at 1200 - 1500 boxes, whether to develop further will depend largely on the market conditions of that time, also how popular can the found nectar become, so cannot be predicted here. With this number alone the beefarm can already be maintained with good profit. When necessary, the beefarm can develop to 2500 boxes of bee swarms in this year.


Expenditure Of The Fifth Year:

Pang・s salary:                                                                                                                                                                         84000

Pang・s assistant・s salary:                                                                                                                                                    48000

3 U grads' salary:                                                                                                                                                                   40000

3 Sec grads' salary:                                                                                                                                                               24000

14 helpers・ salary:                                                                                                                                                              100800

The honey teams・ meals:                                                                                                                                                132000

Replacing old equipment:                                                                                                                                                 30000

Site and honey searching operation in the whole PNG:                                                                                                                       50000

Total:                                                                                                                       508,800 + Vincent・ annual salary


Income Of The Fifth Year:

42,000Kg honey(assuming box number is maintained at 1200-1500 boxes                                                 504,000

 (Sales of the honey after packaged into a honey commodity:                                                                     1,200,000 )